The city of a thousand cultures

FUN FACTS

Sarajevo got its name from the compound of the two Turkish words saray and ovasI which mean court and the field around the court


The name Bosnia comes from the Indo-European word Bosana, which means water, and the very spring of the river Bosnia is located on Ilidža, across the city.


Sarajevo had its own water supply system before Wien.

The Austrian capital got its water supply in 1870s while Sarajevo’s founder Isa-beg Ishaković began constructing water supply system in Sarajevo years before, and the first network (55 km long) was already functional at the beginning of the 18th century.


The oldest public toilet in Europe, still in use and free of charge, is Beg’s Hall (1531) next to Beg’s Mosque.


The Gazi Husrev Bey Library in Sarajevo has been operating continuously since 1537.


1540, Sarajevo got its first shopping mall that still exists, which is Bezistan.


The Sarajevo Clock Tower (Sahat-kula) is the only public clock in the world to measure lunar time, and the Clockwork at the Clock Tower was done by the same workshop that made the London clock called Big Ben.


The Bey’s mosque was the first mosque in the world with electric lighting.


Sarajevo has had public lighting since 1895.


A year later, an electric tram was operating in Sarajevo, which at that time could only be seen in metropolises.


The Haggadah, Jewish Handwritten Codex, created in the 14th century in northern Spain, which survived the Inquisition and all the wars is located in the National Museum in Sarajevo.


Flame of eternal fire, the monument to military and civilian casualties of World War II was extinguished during the siege of Sarajevo due to lack of fuel needed.


BELIEVE IT OR NOT
The Goat’s Perish
Not far from Baščarsija, upstream along the river Miljacka, is one of Sarajevo’s most beautiful bridges.

The goat’s perish is one of four old stone bridges preserved in the Sarajevo area.
According to legend, it was built by a poor shepherd.


While guarding the goats, he noticed that they lingered for a long time next to a bush by the river. He decided to take a closer look at what was going on, so he found a bowl full of golden coins under the bush.

He paid for his education with the money, and when he became respectable and wealthy, he built a bridge where the goats found the coins.

Today, however, it is considered that the bridge was built in the time of Mehmed Pasha Sokolović, during the great action of building road communications.

You choose what you believe.
The Latin Bridge

The Latin parish was named after the nearby Latin or Dubrovnik trading colony.

The bridge stretched to the coast of Miljacka where the Catholic population lived, commonly known as Latinluk.

Since 1914, the Latin parish has been known as the Princip’s Bridge.
It is on this bridge, on the 28th of june 1914, Gabriel Princip assassinated Crown Prince Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophia.

This event led to World War I, and Sarajevo has long been known worldwide for its assassination.
The Roman Bridge

The Roman bridge was not built by the Romans, although the name suggests so.

The bridge was built in the Ottoman period, at the beginning of the 16th century. It is located in Ilidža, in the area of the former Roman settlement.


It connects the banks of the river Bosnia, and it was built by Rustem-pasha, son-in-law of Suleiman the Magnificent.

Very little is known about this beautiful bridge, but it has been carefully kept for years. Today, it is under the protection of the BiH National Commission and is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in Sarajevo.
The Eiffel Bridge

The Skenderija iron bridge was built in the 15th century at the behest of Skender Pasha.

In 1893, a second bridge with an iron fence was built upstream of the original one. The new bridge was allegedly designed by Gustavo Eiffel’s office, but there are no documents confirming it.

Nevertheless, the bridge remained known as the Eiffel bridge. Since it was badly damaged during the siege of Sarajevo, it was rebuilt in 2004.
Festina Lente

Hurry Up Slowly, one of the most unusual bridges in Sarajevo, and beyond.

It connects Radić Street with the Academy of Fine Arts.

It was opened in 2012 and was designed according to the preliminary design of the second year students of Design Product at the Academy of Fine Arts – Amila Hrustić, Adnan Arslanagić and Bojan Kanlić.

There is even a bench on the pedestrian bridge that enthusiastic passers-by can sit on and simply admire the environment.
Šeher Ćehaj’s Parish

Many stories and legends are told about the bridge next to the City Hall. It is supposed to have been built in 1619.

It was built by Hajji Hussein, who at that time was the Sarajevo šeher-ćehaja ie. city manager.

Allegedly, he installed a diamond in the bridge that could later be used to rebuild the bridge if needed. Where the diamond was embedded was known only by his closest associates, but it came to one young man to steal it and tear down the bridge.

Sarajevo was only a small community then, so it was easy to find the culprit.

The poor young man stole the diamond to give it to his beloved.

When he went to court, the young man apologized, and the jury in front of him was mild, so he was ordered to return the diamond to its owner, after which he was rebuilt into the bridge.

After that event, the bridge was repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt, and today it is one of the most beautiful monuments in the city of Sarajevo.


Sarajevo through History


– Dayton Peace Accords concluded
12/19/1995
– The beginning of the aggression of the Serbian-Montenegrin army against Bosnia and Herzegovina
4/6/1992
– Population Census (429,672 inhabitants lived in Sarajevo at the time)
4/30/1991

PERIOD 1991-1995

– XIV Winter Olympic Games held in Sarajevo
2/15/1984
– Population Census (359,448 inhabitants lived in Sarajevo at the time)
5/31/1971
– Balkan Athletic Games held in Sarajevo
10/7/1965
– Adopted the City Master Plan
6/30/1945
-Provincial Anti-Fascist Council of People’s Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina holds its third session at which the institution grew into a National Assembly
4/26/1945
– Partisan units liberated Sarajevo
4/4/1945

PERIOD 1945-1991

– A “People’s Salvation” Committee was formed to bring together representatives of all Bosniak Muslim societies and institutions
8/26/1942
– Bosniak citizens at a rally adopt a resolution condemning Ustasha crimes
10/12/1941
– Assembly of the El-Hidaja Ilmia Association adopts a resolution condemning Ustasha crimes publicly
8/14/1941
– German planes bombed Sarajevo
4/4/1941
– The king and the Yugoslav government withdrew from Belgrade to Sarajevo
4/8/1941
– Islamic community’s Riyadh headquarters returned to Sarajevo
6/15/1938
– Islamic Community Riyadh headquarters moved from Sarajevo to Belgrade
6/15/1930
– Census (78,173 inhabitants lived in Sarajevo at the time)
3/31/1931
– Sarajevo ceases to be the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina as a province in the Kingdom of SHS and becomes only the hq of the Sarajevo area
2/25/1924
– Population Census (66,317 inhabitants lived in Sarajevo at the time)
1/31/1921
– Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes proclaimed
12/1/1918
– The People’s Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina was founded
11/2/1918
– Last Austro-Hungarian land chief Stjepan Sarkotić surrenders power to the main board of the SCS National Council for BiH
11/1/1918
– The main committee of the National Council of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs for BiH was constituted
10/31/1918
– National Council of Bosnia and Herzegovina established
10/26/1918

PERIOD 1918-1945

– First introduced “summer time”
4/30 – 1/1/1916
– Bosnian Parliament dissolved
2/6/1915
– The trial of participants in the assassination of Franz Ferdinand
12-18 October 1914
– World War I began
7/28/1914
– The direct court, established in Sarajevo after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, was abolished
7/26/1914
– A similar appeal was made by Archbishop Josip Stadler of Vrhbosna
7/4/1914
– Reis-ul-ulema appeals to Bosniaks to refrain from violence against Serbs and destruction of their property, which occurred in Sarajevo after the assassination of Crown Prince Ferdinand
7/4/1914
– Established a direct court for the city and district
6/29/1914
– Sarajevo assassination
6/28/1914
– Population Census (51,919 inhabitants lived in Sarajevo at the time)
10/10/1910
– The first session of the BiH Parliament
6/15/1910
– The stay of Emperor Franz Joseph I in Sarajevo
5/30 – 3/3/1910
– Annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina declared
10/5/1908
– Benjamin Kalaj dies
7/13/1903
– Social home opened
2/1/1899
– Dedicated Evangelical Church
11/19/1899
– City Hall opened
4/20/1896
– The electric tram began to traffic
5/1/1895
– Sarajevo-Konjic railway opened
9/1/1892
– Sarajevo-Bosanski Brod railway opened
5/25/1890
– The first volume of the Herald of the Museum of Earth was published in Sarajevo
4/6/1889
– Sharia Law School opened
12/19/1887
– Tram traffic started
1/1/1888
– Established Museum Society
10/28/1884
– The construction of the cathedral began
8/28/1884
– Start of construction of tram line
8/27/1884
– Beginning of construction of the National Government building
3/20/1888
– Europe Hotel opened
12/12/1882
– Orthodox theology opened
12/12/1882
– John Baron Apel came as the head of the Earth Government
8/26/1882
– Archbishop Josip Stadler, the first Archbishop of Sarajevo, came to Sarajevo
1/14/1882
– Miljacka river flooded most of the city
11/2/1888
– Construction of Levi’s Brewery under Bistrik started
10/11/1881
– The foundation of the new Church of St. Ante Padovansky
8/17/1881
– Demolition of old Konak began
12/4/1880
– An omnibus began to operate between Sarajevo and Ilidza
6/20/1880
– The County Office for the City of Sarajevo started operating
1/1/1879
– Provisional Municipal Statute of Sarajevo published
8/22/1878
– Austro-Hungarian troops enter Sarajevo
8/19/1878.
– The Congress of Berlin entrusted the administration of Bosnia and Herzegovina to Austria-Hungary
7/13/1878

AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN PERIOD

– Construction of the Cathedral Church in Sarajevo
1863-1868 y.
– Topal Sheriff Osman Pasha, Bosnian vizier
1861-1869 y.
– The reign of Omer-Pasha Latas
1850-1852 y.
– The first post office in Sarajevo
1842 y.
– The period of domination of Fadil-pasha Šerifović and Mustafa-pasha Babić
1832-1850 y.
– The Movement for Autonomy of Bosnia and Herzegovina, headed by Husein-Captain Gradaščević
1831 y.
– The Janissaries Rebellion in Sarajevo
1827 y.
– Big fire in Sarajevo
1788 y.
– Plague epidemic in Sarajevo
1783 y.
– Mula Mustafa Bashexia’s actions
1750-1809 y.
– Construction of Đumišić Medresa
1775 y.
– Construction of the library of Ahmed-effendi of Cantamria
1774 y.
– Renovation of Čemaluša mosque
1766 y.
– The death of the Morić brothers
1757 y.
– Construction of Osman Shehdi’s Library
1754 y.
– The period of anarchy in Sarajevo
1747-1757 y.
– The work of Mehmed Mayley Gurania
1740-1780 y.
– Construction of Sarajevo Fortress
1729-1739 y.
– The burglary of Eugene Savoy
1697 y.
– The journey of Evlia Čelebia
1660 y.
– The journey of Pule and Kikle
1658 y.
– Plague epidemic in Sarajevo
1647 y.
– Big fire in Sarajevo
1644 y.
– The Sarajevo earthquake
1640 y.
– Sheikh Hasan Kaimi’s actions
Second half of the 17th century
– The journey of Paul Rovinjanin
1640 y.
– Construction of Hajji Sinan tekke
1638 and 1640 y.
– Sarajevo is again the hq of the Bosnian Sandžak
1607 y.
– The Bosnian Sandžak headquarters were relocated from Sarajevo to Banja Luka
1553 y.
– The work of Ibrahim-effendi Bistrigia
Between 1631 and 1664 y.
– Atanasije Grgičević’s journey
1626 y.
– Construction of Sarajevo čaršija and mahalas

From the middle of the 16th to the beginning of the 17th century

– Constructions of the Daiwah Pasha
1580 y.
– Establishment of the Gazi Husrev-beg Library
1537 y.
– Construction of the Emperor’s mosque
1566 y.
– Construction of the Ferhadija mosque, the endowment of Ferhad-beg Vuković Desisalić
1561 y.
– Construction of Gazi Husrev-beg Mosque
1530 y.AD
– Gazi Husrev-beg Bosnian governor
1521 y.AD
– Construction of the mosque of Havajja Durak
1528 y.AD
– Construction of Mosque of Muslihudin Čekrekčija
1526 y.AD
-The first mosque in Sarajevo – endowment of Mustafa Pasha Skenderpašić
1517 y.AD
– Construction of the Old Orthodox Church
Early 16th century
– Constraction of endowments of Skenderpaša Mihaloglu
The end of the 15th and the beginning of the 16th centuryy
– Ajas-beg endowments
1470-1477. y.AD
– The endowments of Bali-beg Malkočević
1475/76. y.AD
– The construction of the Mehmed-beg Minetović masjid
1464 y.AD
– Isa-beg’s vakufnama (Sarajevo’s “birth certificate”)
1462 y.AD

THE OTTOMAN PERIOD

– Duke Barak occupies the fort of Hodidjed
Late Middle Ages -1434 y.AD
– The first mention of Vrhbosna (today’s Sarajevo) in the charter of Bela IV
– Construction of the Cathedral of St Peter
1238/39. year AD

THE MIDDLE AGE

– The end of Roman administration
VI c. AD
– The demise of the Baton uprising
9. year AD
– The revolt of the Desidiates under Baton
6-9. year AD
– Roman conquest
III-II c. BC

ANCIENT TIMES 

– Settlements of the “hilltop type”
Metal Age – II millennium BC

– Soukbunar and Debelo brdo
The Transition from the Early Stone Age to the Bronze Age – II millennium BC

– Zlatište settlements
–  Butmir pottery
Late stone age – III millennium BC